Università degli Studi di Pavia



Centro Interdisciplinare di Bioacustica e Ricerche Ambientali



Palazzo San Tommaso

Aula G1



General bioacoustics



In-air communication in mammals

I.Charrier,  D.Reby


How to describe, measure and compare complex acoustic communication signals in birds and mammals?



Animal communication networks: from behaviour to brain

T.Aubin, N.Mathevon


Monitoring the Environment: Bioacoustics as a tool for inventory and monitoring of biodiversity

K.Frommolt, R.Marquez, G.Pavan


The impacts of anthropogenic noise



2nd European workshop on animal sound research and libraries

X.Eekhout, G.Pavan




Poster Session



Organizing Committee


Centro Interdisciplinare di Bioacustica e Ricerche Ambientali

Gianni Pavan, Claudio Fossati, Michele Manghi, Marco Priano, Elisabetta Bernuzzi

Email address for information cibra@unipv.it

Online information http://www.unipv.it/cibra/xxi_ibac.html


Scientific Committee


Richard Ranft, Nicolas Mathevon, Isabelle Charrier, Thierry Aubin, Hong Young Yan, Matija Gogala, David Helweg, Dietmar Todt, Rafael Marquez, Karl-Heinz Frommolt, Gianni Pavan, Guido Pinoli, Michela Podestà


Organizing Secretariat


registration, payment, accomodation bookings & logistics are managed by


Marta Daffaro

PRAGMA Congressi

Corso Mazzini 9, 27100 Pavia
Tel.: +39.0382.309579
Fax.: +390382304892

info@pragmacongressi.it     http://www.pragmacongressi.it


Congress Venue


Università degli Studi di Pavia, Palazzo San Tommaso, Via Siro Comi, Piazza del Lino 2 (see map), ground floor, Aula G1.


In the conference hall a Windows computer connected to a projector will be available. An overhead projector will be available as well. To play sounds, a speaker system is connected to the laptop used for powerpoint presentations as well as to a CD and a DAT player. Please ask to the Secretariat if you need other specific equipment.

Presenting Authors are invited to load their presentations before the beginning of each symposium; if possible they are welcome to load and verify the presentation the day before. Accepted media are CD/DVD ROMs and USB memories.


Coffee breaks will be in the large poster hall close to the conference hall. The poster hall is equipped with some computers connected to internet, a network printer, a hub to connect your own laptop, and a free wi-fi spot.


Shop-Up, The Gift Shop


The University of Pavia Gift shop is located in the northern yards of the central buildings (see map); there you can find many nice gifts with the prestigious logo of the world’s oldest university!


The University’s Coffee Shop


The Coffee Shop is in the same yard of the Gift Shop. Nice place to get a typical Italian coffee or get a light lunch. The buffet of Saturday 15th will be there.




There are many restaurants, pizzeria, and coffee shops in the town centre. Typical restaurants are also on the other side of the river.

Map of Pavia and relevant places

The map shows the conference location, the colleges and the hotels where congress participants are hosted.

For more information on the town visit the page on how to reach Pavia.


Aerial View


Scientific Committee Members


Richard Ranft
British Library Sound Archive, London, UK

Dietmar Todt
Institute of Biology, Free University of Berlin, Germany

Thierry Aubin
Équipe Communications Acoustiques.
NAMC-CNRS, Université Paris Sud


Rafael Marquez
Fonoteca Zoologica, Dept. de Biodiversidad y Biologia Evolutiva
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain

Isabelle Charrier
Équipe Communications Acoustiques.
NAMC-CNRS, Université Paris Sud


Karl-Heinz Frommolt
Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Curator of the Animal Sound Archive (Tierstimmenarchiv), Germany

Nicolas Mathevon
Université Jean Monnet & Institut universitaire de France, France

Gianni Pavan
President of CIBRA, University of Pavia, Italy

Hong Young Yan
Senior Research Fellow
Professor, Institute of Fishery Sciences, National Taiwan University
Sensory Electrophysiology lab., Institute of Cellular & Organismic Biology
Taiwan National Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica), Taiwan

Guido Pinoli
Direttore Parco Pineta di Tradate e Appiano Gentile, Italy


Matija Gogala
Secretary General
Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Michela Podesta
Curator of the Vertebrate Department.
Natural History Museum, Milan, Italy

David A. Helweg
Deputy Center Director
USGS Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Hawaii, US




Symposia & other events


Saturday, 15th


08:15          Registration  

                    (the registration desk will open on Friday 14th at 16:00)

          Opening - Welcome of the Authorities

09:30          General bioacoustics


14:30          In-air communication in mammals


Sunday, 16th

09:00          How to describe, measure and compare complex acoustic
-------------- communication signals in birds and mammals?


14:30          Animal communication networks: from behaviour to brain


Monday, 17th


09:00          The impacts of anthropogenic noise


14:30          Monitoring the Environment: Bioacoustics as a tool for inventory and
-------------- monitoring of biodiversity


20:30          Social Dinner


Tuesday, 18th


09:00          Technical lectures & demonstrations / Poster Session


11:00          AGM


14:00          2nd European workshop on animal sound research and libraries

                   & Round Table


18:30          Closing


XXI IBAC Congress Program


Friday 14th PM





Saturday 15th AM









Conference Opening


 Welcome of the Authorities


 Welcome of Patrick Sellar, President of IBAC


General Bioacoustics                                   (G.Pavan)




Tide and social interactions modulate the vocal behaviour of the Lusitanian toadfish, Halobatrachus didactylus


M.C.P. Amorim,  J.M. Simões,  V.C. Almada,  P.J. Fonseca




Development of ultrasound social calls made by adult Rhinolophus ferrumequinum bats from infant bat ultrasound calls


M. Andrews, T.P. McOwat, P.T. Andrews, R.J. Haycock



The role of acoustic dispersion in the mouths of bats during echolocation


P.T. Andrews



Auditory temporal resolution in a cicada is enhanced by the characteristics of the calling song


P.J. Fonseca,  T. Correia




Coffee Break




Surprizing discoveries in palaearctic mountain cicadas by acoustic research


M. Gogala, T. Trilar, S. Drosopoulos




The advertisement calls of Stripless treefrog (Hyla meridionalis) and European treefrogs (H. arborea): sympatry versus allopatry


 C. Moreira, R. Marquez, E. Crespo



Differences in acoustic signals of five Lake Malawi cichlid species (Pseudotropheus spp.): Implications for evolutionary processes


J.M. Simões, P. Fonseca, G. Turner, M.C.P. Amorim




The cicadas from the genus Pagiphora (Hemiptera, Cicadidae) are singing in surprisingly low frequencies


T. Trilar,  M. Gogala




Stridulation in sympatric species of Pachycondyla (Formicidae, Ponerinae): from the production organ to behavioural coding


F. Rybak, P. Marchand,  D. Fresneau




Intra-individual variation of serin Serinus serinus song


A. Mamede, P.G. Mota




Vocal communication of Siberian crane Grus leucogeranus: it’s doesn’t matter, who are you – your sex is important


E.V. Bragina, I.R. Beme


Lunch time: buffet in the yards of the University of Pavia

(University Coffee Shop)


Saturday 15th PM


In-air communication in mammals                     (I.Charrier, D.Reby)



Calf’s vocal recognition by mother in Atlantic walrus: a first field experimental study


I. Charrier,  I. Mathevon, T.  Aubin




Application of the source-filter theory and PSOLA re-synthesis to the study of mammal vocal communication


D. Reby




How and when do lambs recognize the bleats of their mothers?


F. Sèbe, T. Aubin, O. Sèbe,  G. Perrin, R. Nowak, P. Poindron




Knee clicking reflects body size of eland bulls: an unusual source of information?


J. Bro-Jørgensen



 Human listeners attend to size information in domestic dog growls


 A.M. Taylor,  D. Reby



Fundamental frequency and formant frequencies of groans encode information about male quality in fallow deer (Dama dama)


A.G. McElligott, E. Vannoni




On the information content of Barbary macaque copulation calls


J. Fischer




Song complexity in the indris


M. Gamba, V. Sorrentino, L. Favaro, V. Torti, C. Giacoma




Coffee Break




On the structure of male rodent courtship songs


K. Hammerschmidt,  J. Fischer




Changes in the acoustic structure of fallow buck groans during the rut


E. Vannoni  and A. G. McElligott, 




The temporal instability of individual alarm calls in the spleckled ground squirrels (Spermophilus suslicus)


I.A. Volodin, V.A. Mastrova,  E.V. Volodina




Selection for tame or aggressive behaviour toward humans affects vocalization in the red fox Vulpes vulpes


E.V. Volodina, S.S. Gogoleva, I.A. Volodin, L.N. Trut



Bellow amplitude of bison (Bison bison) reflects male quality, motivation, and seasonal condition


M.T. Wyman, M.S. Mooring, B.J. McCowan, K. Hodge,  L.A. Hart


Sunday 16th AM


How to describe, measure and compare complex acoustic communication signals in birds and mammals? (J.Vielliard)



Evolutionary trends towards higher complexity in bird songs


J. Vielliard




Concepts and methods for dealing with large vocal repertoires: from thrushes to marine mammals


D. Todt



The signal repertoire of Killer Whales Orcinus orca: how social factors can influence the development of dialects


J. Cirillo, J. Almunia, D. Todt



Repertoire size and entropy measures: comparative results in versatile songs


M. L. da Silva



 Measuring variability with bits and q-bits


 J. R. Castilho Piqueira



Coffee Break




Review of spectral trajectory analysis (STA), an unsupervised learning method for quantifying vocal repertoires


A. Thorn




Analysis of Male Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) Song Complexity


J.T. Tanttu,  J. Turunen, T. Laaksonen, P. Sirkiä



11:30 Discussion


Poster session


Lunch time, enjoy the quiet town centre


Sunday 16th PM


Animal communication networks: from behaviour to brain                                                                                           (T.Aubin, N.Mathevon)



Transmission of acoustic signals and information transfer in a communication network


M. Naguib




The group signature in the complex song of a songbird, the skylark Alauda arvensis


E. Briefer, F. Rybak, T. Aubin




How juveniles black caimans use sounds to communicate?


A.L. Vergne, N. Mathevon,  T. Aubin,  P. Taylor




Inter-sexual acoustic communication in Xenopus laevis: temporal coding of gender and spectral coding of sex-appeal


C. Vignal




Alarm calling and sentinel activity in Arabian babblers


C. Sommer




The call of the Yelkouan shearwater: sexual and individual identities


C. Curé, N. Mathevon, T. Aubin




Sound detection and communication in the European gudgeon Gobio gobio in a shallow creek


L.E. Wysocki,  F. Ladich




Responses to natural classes of songs in the auditory telencephalon of adult male starlings


I. George, H. Cousillas, J.-P. Richard, M. Hausberger




Coffee Break




Heterospecific stimulation, attention and song learning in starlings: a long-term study


F. Rousseau, L. Henry, C. Sankey, C. Aubry,  M. Hausberger 




Developmental song learning in the zebra finch


S. Derégnaucourt, M. Gahr




Song and brain development of canaries raised under restricted acoustic environments


S. Leitner, S. Belzner, C. K. Catchpole




Acoustic features of female song vary with competitive context in sex-role reversed African black coucals (Centropus grillii)


N. Geberzahn,  W. Goymann, C. Ten Cate 




Chaffinch song variation and its meaning in the context of sexual selection


A. Leitao, K. Riebel


Monday 17th AM


Monitoring the Environment: Bioacoustics as a tool for inventory and monitoring of biodiversity 

                                                                                                  (K.Frommolt, R.Marquez, G.Pavan) 



Playback experiment as a tool for detecting genetic diversity: combined bioacoustic and DNA data to assess passerine biodiversity in Southeast Asia


M. Gelang




Terrestrial sound monitoring systems, a methodology for calibration and data processing


R. Márquez, D. Llusia, R. Bowker




Acoustic Monitoring of Bird Species in a Riparian Zone in Kentucky, USA Using an Automated Recording System


A. Meier, O. Meier, J. Bowers, C. Hamilton, M. G. Skaggs, R. Marquez and R. G. Bowker.




Nearest-Neighbor Techniques for the Monitoring of Nocturnal Flight Calls


H. Figueroa, A. Farnsworth




Geographical variation in the songs of North Atlantic blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) and its potential use in population monitoring


L. Di Iorio, I. Voellmy, S. Tgetgel, C.W. Clark




Automated Detection of Eurasian Bittern (Botaurus stellaris) Calls for Acoustical Wildlife Monitoring


R. Bardeli,  K.-H. Tauchert




Coffee Break




Bioacoustic Monitoring of Birds


K.-H. Frommolt,  K.-H. Tauchert




Acoustic identification of bats using support vector machines and ensembles of neural networks


S. Parsons, G. Jones, J. Szewczak, R. Redgwell




Computer-aided inventories of bioacoustic diversity: first results and future needs


K. Riede




Acoustic monitoring in the South-Western Indian Ocean reveals call characteristics and seasonal occurrence of two blue whale subspecies


F. Samaran, I. Charrier,  T. Aubin, O. Adam, J.-F. Motsch, R. Gérard, C. Guinet 




Advertisement call characteristics of two discoglossid allopatric subspecies, Bombina b.bombina and B.b.arifiyensis: acoustical implications for their subspecies recognition


U. Kaya




Automatic Detection of Locustella luscinioides in Natural Environments


D. Wolff, R. Bardeli, F. Kurth, K.-H. Tauchert 




On the use of image processing to identify bioacoustic signals


T. S. Brandes


Lunch time


Monday 17th PM


The impacts of anthropogenic noise                              (Y.Yan)



Ambient noise as a selective force for ultrasonic communication in frogs


P.M. Narins, A.S. Feng, Jun-Xian Shen




Effects of traffic noise on acoustic communication in birds


K.M. Parris




Bird song and noise: short- and long-term adaptations of avian vocalizations


H. Brumm




Effects of Urban Noise on Avian Song


K. Seger, A. Rodewald, J. Soha




Divergence in song and morphology between city and forest populations of the European blackbird


E. Ripmeester,  H. Slabbekoorn




Accessory functions of the lateral line in inducing the startle reflex behaviour to high intensity sound


Kazuhiko Anraku




Assessing effects of an acoustic marine geophysical survey on the behaviour of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus


S. Van der Woude




Characterization of Noises Generated by Aerators and its Possible Impacts on Cultured Fish and Shrimp


Hong Young Yan, Hsin-Yi Yu, Wu Jung Lee




Coffee Break




Poster Session


20:30      Social Dinner at Collegio Cairoli

                         Don’t forget your reservation ticket!   See the map to locate it!


Tuesday 18th AM


Technical Session



Microphones & Parabolas to capture nature sounds by K. Strandberg








Poster session


Coffee break


Poster session




Tuesday 18th PM


2nd European workshop on animal sound

research and libraries & Round Table    

Organized within the frame of EDIT WP4                   (X. Eekhout, G.Pavan)



Sound libraries: aims, roles, responsibilities


R. Ranft




Fonoteca Zoologica” www.FonoZoo.com the web-based animal sound library of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain


R. Márquez, X. Eekhout & M. Pérez




Fonoteca ZOOLÒGICA, Museu de Ciències Naturals de la Ciutadella de Barcelona. Past, Present and Future


A. Omedes, A. M. Figuerola




Current activities at the Humboldt-University animal sound archive


K.-H. Frommolt




ASA, the Amazonian Sound Archive


J.M.E. Vielliard




Sound libraries at CIBRA


G. Pavan, C. Fossati, M. Manghi, M. Priano




Slovenian Wildlife Sound Archive


T. Trilar and M. Gogala



BARN (Bioacoustic Resource Network) On Building a Distributed Network of Annotated Sound Libraries to Support Bioacoustics Research


 H. Figueroa



Funding opportunities for a network in Bioacoustics within EU's 7th Framework Program


X. Eekhout




Questions & Answers




Coffee Break




Round Table: action plan for objectives of the EWASRL

formulated at the EDIT-sponsored first workshop,
27-30 September 2006 - see http://www.ibac.info/bioac_collections.html

Introduction by Rafael Marquez & Richard Ranft

Proposal of bylaws and webpage of the "European Network of Bioacoustics Collections for Taxonomy and Conservation" by Xavier Eekhout


Final Remarks




Conclusion of the Congress





1          Freely faceted classification for a BioAcoustic Reference Database
            C. Gnoli, G. Pavan, G. Merli, M. Pria
no, E. Bernuzzi

2          Machine Learning Techniques for the Classification of Orthoptera Songs
F. Schwenker, D. Latif, C. Thiel, K. Riede, G. Palm

3          Seewave: a sound analysis multi-tool
J. Sueur, T. Aubin, C. Simonis-Sueur

4          SeaWave. Real-time sound analysis tool for PAM, research and education
            G. Pavan

5          Framework for develop prototype bioacoustic devices in aid of open sea Killer Whales
J.P. Luke, J. Almunia, F. Rosa

6          An Automated Digital Sound Recording System: The Amphibulator
            M. Cambron, R. Márquez, J. Bowers, A. Meier,  R. G. Bowker

7          A software tool for distributing/collecting digital audio on a network
            M. Bassanini, G. Pavan 

8          New tools for monitoring noise in both terrestrial and acquatic environments
            G. Pavan, M. Manghi

9          A new generation of bottom recorders
            M. Manghi, G. Pavan

10        A call monitoring system to study acoustic communicaton in anurans
            V.B. Zanollo, V. Marconi, G. Berto, L. Spagnolo, L. Tontini, M. Gamba, C. Greco, S.

11        Avian flight calls during nocturnal migration: automated recording, detection and species

T. Schrama, M. Poot, M. Robb & H. Slabbekoorn




12        Morphology of the stridulation organs in various species of Trogidae (Coleoptera),
            with an initial study of distress signals in Trox cadaverinus Ill. and T. scaber (L.)

            J. Beneš

13        Stridulatory organ and stress-induced sound of females of the velvet ant, Myrmilla
      capitata (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
            C. Polidori, C. Settanni, L. Borruso, F. Gaudesi, G. Pavan

14        Geographic variation in the male calling song of Isophya posthumoidalis (Orthoptera,
Tettigonioidea, Phaneropteridae)
            K. M. Orci, G. Szövényi, B. Nagy




15        Fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus, reaction to an earthquake
            J.-P. Gallo-Reynoso, J. Égido-Villarreal,  G. Martínez-Villalba

16        Whistles structure of two populations of Sotalia dolphins (Cetacea: Delphinidae) in Pará
            State, Brazil
            N.R. Emin de Lima,  M.L. da Silva

17        Phonetic description of seven delphinid species whistles recorded in the Mediterranean
M. Azzolin, A. Gannier, A. Cañadas, N. Perez-Gimeno, M. Gamba, M. O. Lammers, C.

18        NEMO and way ahed
G. Pavan, G. Riccobene, NEMO Collaboration

19        The sonar of dolphins: behavioral experiments versus auditory evoked potential methods
            G. Zaslavski

20        Experiments on automated detection and clustering of sounds of Tursiops truncatus
S. Huebner




21        Influences of the habitat on usage and structure of vocalizations in olive baboons (Papio
hamadryas anubis)
E. Ey, K. Hammerschmidt, D. Zinner,  J. Fischer

22        The Acoustic Repertoire of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Captivity
            M. Artelt, C. Scharff

23        Acoustic communication in African elephants (Loxodonta africana): Who is calling?
R. Lintner, A. S. Stoeger-Horwath, H. M. Schwammer, H. Kratochvil

24        Early vocal ontogeny in African elephants
A. S. Stoeger-Horwath, S. Stoeger, H. Schwammer,  H. Kratochvil,  R. Lintner

25        It´s all about freshness - Stimuli eliciting ultrasonic vocalizations from wild male house             mice (Mus musculus musculus)
            F. Hoffmann, K. Musolf, D. Penn

26        Does maternal stress affect ultrasonic vocalizations in mice?
            D. Oddi, L. Garbugino, F.R. D’Amato, E. Prato Previde, A. Moles


27        The undistinguishable alarm whistle frequencies in adult and juvenile ground squirrels:
            the way to avoid an age-dependent risk?

            V. A. Matrosova, I. A. Volodin, E. V. Volodina

28        Howling playback as a tool for monitoring wolf packs: tests of signal propagation and
frequency discrimination
            F. Sebe, C. Duchamp, N. Heitz, R. Latini, T. Aubin


29        Vocal repertoire of wild breeding Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica in
            L. Negrão de Moura,  M.L. da Silva

30        Species-specific differences in the timing of the dawn chorus in Passerines
            G. Solís, A. Dreiss, Y. Espmark, H. Lampe, T. Limburg, P. Perret, P. Slater, N.Yoccoz,  D.Gil

31        Concerning the periods of existence of Redwing’s (Turdus iliacus) local dialects
            L.A. Osipova

32        Signals of need and identity – the development of multi-component begging calls in
weaver birds
H. Reers, A. Jacot
33        Segmentation patterns in African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) vocal production
S. Masin, L. Bottoni, R. Massa,  D. Lenti Boero

34        Individual-specific information is contained in domesticated canary songs
            C. Del Negro,  K. Lehongre

35        The long-term stability of pair-specific duet structures in the red-crowned crane Grus
            japonensis can be used for the vocal-based monitoring of territorial pairs through the
A.V. Klenova, I.A. Volodin, E.V. Volodina

36        Iberian Azure-winged magpie (Cyanopica (cyana) cooki) nestlings begging calls: call

            characterization and hunger signalling
            P.A.M. Marques

37        Acoustic monitoring of a sensitive species to forest fragmentation: the Ocellated antbird
Araya, Yi-men

38        Same-sex pair bonds in Zebra finches
            J. Elie, C. Vignal,  N. Mathevo

39        Additive signal processing in nightingales (Luscinia megarhynchos)
P. Sprau, R. Schmidt, T. Roth, V. Amrhein, M. Naguib
40        Call repertoire of an endemic avian species the Indian Chat Cercomela fusca
Vinaya Kumar Sethi & Dinesh Bhatt

41        First recordings of ural owl (Strix uralensis) vocalizations in the Cansiglio forest (N-E
            Veneto region,
Italy). A further proof of presence

            A. Favaretto, F. Mezzavilla, S. Lombardo, G. Pavan

42        Longitudinal study of song type repertoire changes in common nightingales (Luscinia
            Sarah Kiefer




43        Calling parameters and the effect of temperature in Bombina bombina and Bombina
            R. Márquez, D. Cogalniceanu, D. Llusia, X. Eekhout, G.M. Tena

44        Acoustical and thermal monitoring of Iberian population of anurans. Preliminary
results with Alytes cisternasii
            R. Márquez, D. Llusia, X. Eekhout, J.F. Beltrán, J.P. Sousa Do Amaral, C. Moreira, R.
            Bowker & M. Cambron.


45        Vocal behaviour during territorial intrusions in the Lusitanian toadfish: mating
            boatwhistles are
also a territorial ‘keep-out signal’
M.C.P. Amorim, J.M. Simões,  V.C. Almada , P. J. Fonseca

46        Acoustic communication in the Lusitanian toadfish, Halobatrachus didactylus: evidence
            for an unusual large vocal repertoire

            M.C.P. Amorim, J.M. Simões, V.C. Almada, P.J. Fonseca

47        Acoustic Signaling – a substrate for Sexual Selection in African Chiclids?
            M.J. Van Staaden, A.R. Smith

48        Evaluating the impact of small boat noise on marine protected area fish species: a DBht
            (species) approach as management tool
            A. Codarin, L.E. Wisocki, F. Ladich, A. Farina, M. Spoto, M. Picciulin,

49        Why so noisy during spawning:  sound production in Catonotus darters
            C.E. Johnston, D.E. Holt

50        Ambient and anthropogenic noise in a plain river in Northern Italy
            C. Fossati, G. Pavan, M. Priano




51        The value of information – What to communicate?
A. Mamede, P.G. Mota

52        Neurofunctional spectrographic analysis of cry of brain injured asphyxiated: a
            physioacoustic and clinical study

            D. Lenti Boero,  C. Lenti

53        Cry of preterm infants recorded at term: a spectrographic study
            D. Lenti Boero,  C. Lenti
54        Effect of propagation on speech in natural middles
         J. Meyer, L. Dentel
55       The role of Sound Libraries in the development of education and conservation programs
           G. Pavan, G.Pinoli

56       The sounds of life on earth: wildlife sounds in The British Library Sound Archive

           C. Tipp

Back to the XXI IBAC page

CIBRA Home Page