Course name: Chimica
Course code: 500130
Degree course: Ingegneria Edile-Architettura, Ingegneria Industriale, Ingegneria Informatica
Disciplinary field of science: CHIM/07
L'insegnamento costituisce attività di base per: Ingegneria per l'Ambiente e il Territorio, Ingegneria Industriale
The course relates to:
University credits: CFU 6
Course website: n.d.
Specific course objectives
The objective of the course is to provide the essential notions useful to understand the dependence of the macroscopic properties of substances on their microscopic composition and structure.
Chemical classification of matter and chemical equations
Atomic symbols, atomic number and mass number, isotopes, ions; elements and compounds; periodic table and periodic behaviour of physical quantities. Atomic mass, mole, chemical reactions, chemical equations and their balancing.
Atomic structure and chemical bonds
Wave-particle dualism and quantum-mechanical model of atom; orbital shells, quantum numbers, Hund rule and Pauli principle, electronic configurations, periodic properties. Ionic bond, covalent bond, Lewis structures, bond length and energy, electronegativity; shape of orbitals, shape of molecules, polarity; elements of molecular orbitals theory and metallic bond
States of matter
Properties of gases, ideal gas law, partial pressures and Dalton law, molecular kinetics theory, real gases. Intermolecular forces, liquid state, vapour tension, melting and boiling points. Solid state: metallic, ionic, covalent and molecular crystals.
Chemical thermodynamic, chemical equilibrium and kinetics.
Heat and energy, first principle of thermodynamics, state functions, enthalpy of reaction, standard states, Hess law, enthalpy of formation. Spontaneous processes, entropy and third principles of thermodynamics, Gibbs free energy, relationship between free energy and equilibrium constant. Equilibrium constant, reaction quotient, effect of temperature, Le Ch‚telier principle. Elements of chemical kinetic.
Molarity and other means of reporting concentration in solution. Colligative properties, osmotic pressure. Solubility. Properties of acids and bases, BrÝnsted-Lowry definition. dissociation of water, pH, strength of acids and bases, anphoteric compounds, buffer solutions.
Phase equilibria and state diagrams.
State diagram of water. Single and binary state diagrams: eutectic, solid solution; partial solid solution.
Galvanic cells, standard electrode potentials, the electromotive force, electrolytic cells, Nernst equation, storage batteries, electrolysis of aqueous solutions. Basic aspects of metal corrosion.
Overview on the applied chemistry.
Inorganic and organic compounds of specific interest. Polymers.
Course entry requirements
Knowledge of basic mathematics.
Course structure and teaching
Lectures (hours/year in lecture theatre): 36
Practical class (hours/year in lecture theatre): 14
Practicals / Workshops (hours/year in lecture theatre): 0
Suggested reading materials
Testing and exams
The exam consists of a written test. Oral examination is optional.