Università degli Studi di Pavia
Centro Interdisciplinare di Bioacustica e Ricerche AmbientaliVia Taramelli 24 - 27100 Pavia - Italy
e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
SOLMAR (the acronym for Sound, Oceanography and Living MArine Resources) is an international interdisciplinary program that addresses the issue of underwater noise and its effects on the marine environment. SOLMAR is sponsored and developed by the NATO Undersea Research Center based in La Spezia, Italy (formerly Saclant URC). The SOLMAR website shows a great amount of information about the project.
The project includes the development of a set of comprehensive databases of oceanography, ecosystem dynamics and living marine resources in the Mediterranean Sea to support the development of models for predicting the presence (or absence) of marine mammals according to season and environmental parameters.
CIBRA cooperates in the development of
databases, the classification of marine mammal sounds, and
in the development and testing of Dual Uses of ASW
instruments and software. The Italian Navy provides a
strong support to the project, for example by providing
patrolling aircrafts, helicopters and the oceanographic
R/V Magnaghi. This kind of cooperation is the ideal
continuation of the joint projects set in 1995 and of the
convention signed among the Navy and the University of
Pavia in 1998.
Relevant information on cetaceans
stranded or beached along the Italian coasts has been
published on a yearly basis by the Centro Studi Cetacei (CSC)
since 1986. This data base established the basis for the
concept development of the zoological portion of the
SOLMAR database. The data published by CSC for the period
1986-2004 and other earlier unpublished data have been
digitized, georefernced and transferred to a GIS
(Geographical Information System) for data retrieval,
mapping and analysis. ESRI ArcView 8, a widely used
software available on different computing platforms was
chosen for the baseline application.
Marine Mammals bioacoustics and SIRENA cruises
Other than in the database design and management, CIBRA is particularly involved in the study of marine mammals vocalizations and in the development and testing of methodologies for their detection and classification by means of passive acoustics. CIBRA received funding form ONR for the project "Bioacoustic Characterization of the Mediterranean Sea" and participates to NURC cruises on board of the R/V Alliance, a special research vessel designed for acoustic research. It is a straordinarily quiet ship, very stable and equipped with sophisticated instruments for sound detection and analysis. An ideal platform for studying the sounds emitted by marine mammals and for carrying out acoustic and visual surveys. So far, research cruises have been organized in 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003. A further research cruise is being planned for summer 2006.
The R/V Alliance
For the SOLMAR Project CIBRA designed and assembled an entire set of instruments that is continuously improved to meet any new research requirement. The CIBRA equipment is designed to serve the needs of marine mammals research and of the implementation of mitigation policies both in the field of sonar use and in the field of seismic surveys.
Arrays and hydrophones used in latest Sirena cruises
The Main Scientific Lab on the NRV Alliance (SIRENA 2001)
CIBRA Home Page
Updated July 2005